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Bunions: Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment Options
By Foot & Ankle Surgery of New Braunfels
December 10, 2018
Category: Foot Care
Tags: bunions  

Foot BunionBunions are one of the most common foot problems facing patients today. Although they're typically not serious and can usually be treated with conservative methods, they can still cause pain and discomfort, making it difficult to place pressure on the foot or wear your favorite shoes. The podiatrists at Foot & Ankle Surgery of New Braunfels, Drs. Brandon and Sarah James, offer a number of treatment options for bunions, including surgery for severe enough cases.

Relief for Bunions

A bunion is a bony protrusion at the base of the big toe which causes the toe to bend away from the joint and towards the other toes. They result from a deformity of the metatarsophalangeal (MTP) joint and can affect anyone at any age, however, there are a few factors that can increase the risk of developing one.

Signs and Symptoms of Bunions

The most obvious and recognizable symptom of a bunion is a bump at the base of the affected toe. Depending on the size of the bunion and the type of shoes you wear, there may be friction which causes the skin over the bunion to become red and irritated. Other symptoms include:

  • Swelling
  • Pain
  • Corns and calluses
  • Limited range of motion or mobility issues

Bunions don't always have a clearly identifiable cause, but some of the most common risk factors include:

  • Foot type and family history
  • Congenital joint deformity
  • Trauma or injury
  • Arthritis
  • Wearing high heels or tight, narrow shoes that crowd the toes

Bunions are not always preventable, but choosing comfortable shoes with adequate support is the best way to protect your feet from bunions and other foot and ankle injuries. If you have issues like flat feet or low arches, ask the podiatrist about the best type of supportive footwear.

How Bunions are Treated

In most cases, conservative treatments are sufficient to ease symptoms and relieve pressure on the joint. In rare cases, the podiatrist may recommend surgery to repair the joint. Potential conservative treatments include:

  • Splinting to help realign the joint
  • Padding to prevent the formation of corns and calluses
  • Orthotic inserts to help properly align and support the foot
  • Physical therapy

Interested? Call our New Braunfels Office Today!

For more information about bunion prevention and treatment, contact Foot & Ankle Surgery of New Braunfels by calling (830) 387-4427 to schedule an appointment with Dr. Brandon or Dr. Sarah today.

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