Do you have a bump at the base of your big toe? You may have a bunion. Our New Braunfels, TX, podiatrists, Drs. Brandon and Sarah James of Foot & Ankle Surgery of New Braunfels, share some information about bunions and discuss treatment options.
What causes bunions?
Bunions form due to a misalignment in the joint at the bottom of your big toe. Due to the misalignment, your big toe leans toward your other toes, causing the bone at the base of the toe to protrude. If you have a bunion, you may experience pain and burning in your big toe and notice that the area around the bunion is red and swollen.
Because walking and standing puts significant pressure on your bunion, you may experience more pain when you're on your feet. Wearing shoes can be uncomfortable if the shoes rub against the bunion. Eventually, you may develop corns and calluses due to the constant friction.
Who gets bunions?
Although bunions are frequently diagnosed in women who wear high heels, the condition can affect anyone. If you regularly wear tight shoes or participate in an activity that puts significant pressure on the front of your foot, such as ballet dancing, you may develop bunions. If you have certain conditions, such as arthritis in your foot, low arches, flat feet or inflammatory joint disorders, your risk rises. When bunions run in families, problems with the structure and balance of your foot may be to blame. Although you may still get bunions no matter what shoes you wear, it makes sense to avoid tight shoes and high heels if many people in your family have had bunions.
How is bunion pain treated?
Choosing wide shoes or those that have more room in the toe area can reduce pain when you walk or stand. Have you tried home treatment but still have bunion pain? When you visit our New Braunfels office, we can offer treatments that will increase your comfort. Treatment may include padding and tapping your foot, prescription anti-inflammatory medications, cortisone injections, physical therapy and orthotics. If your bunion interferes with your life or pain is severe, surgery may be needed to correct the alignment of your joint.
A visit to the foot doctor can help relieve your bunion pain. Call our New Braunfels, TX, podiatrists, Drs. Brandon and Sarah James of Foot & Ankle Surgery of New Braunfels, at (830) 387-4427 to schedule an appointment.